Each strand of hair grows from its own individual follicle. The hair bulb is at the base of each hair follicle and it contains your growing hair cells. The specific cells in the hair bulb make the pigment called melanin that gives your hair its colour.
Your hair shaft is the part of your hair that can be seen above your scalp. It is made up of the protein Keratin. Keratin is a remarkably strong protein and is resistant to wear and tear. It consists of three layers: The cuticle, the cortex and the medulla. The cuticle is the hair’s protective layer, chemical processes and the weather can lift the cuticle to make the hair dry and brittle. The cortex forms the main bulk of the pigment. The medulla is only present in thicker hair types, it consists of a soft and thin core of transparent cells.
Major Hair Problems
These are the main areas of concern:
Dandruff causes the scalp to produce white flakes. There are two types of dandruff; dry & wet
Dry Dandruff mostly occurs in cold countries when the weather is dry and the hot water soaks the natural oil from the scalp. Oily Dandruff occurs when the scalp glands secrete excess sebum which accumulates on the scalp with dust and thus forms flakes.
White flakes are dead skin cells that are usually visible in the hair. Dandruff causes regular itching around the hairline or the sideburns. Dandruff also might cause your hair or scalp feels greasy and redness on the scalp due to the constant itching or irritation.
Dandruff might be caused by the irregular washing of the hair. If you maintain constant hygeine, it will help clean dirt and excess oil that accumulates on the scalp. This might cause hair damage.
Another cause of dandruff is mental stress which triggers sebum production in the scalp.
2. Hair Loss
Hair loss is the most common problem that can happen to anyone.
One of the symptoms starts with receding hairline which is the thinning of the hair above the temples and across the head. Another is when you notice the thinning of your scalp , it means that you hair is getting thinner. Baldness is the permanent sort of hair loss, when you notice loss of hair in small patches that are easily visible.